- Italics or Quotation Marks? Handling Titles of Works
- Formatting Titles: Italics, Underline, Quotation Marks – Oh My! : : Everything English
- Formatting Titles: Italics, Underline, Quotation Marks – Oh My!
- Which Is Which?: Italics or Quotation Marks?
Think of a CD or an album as a major big work that can be divided into smaller parts, or songs.
The individual song names small part are punctuated with quotation marks. While this is not a perfect rule, it can be helpful for determining whether to italicize or surround an item in quotation marks when you have no resources at hand.ponomoran.ga
Italics or Quotation Marks? Handling Titles of Works
Furthermore, italicize or underline any published collection, like a book of poetry. Put the individual entry, like a poem, in quotation marks. However: a long, epic poem that is often published on its own would be treated like a book. The Odyssey is one example. Creating a work of art is an enormous task.
For that reason, you can think of art as a big accomplishment. That might sound a bit corny, but it will help you remember. Individual works of art, like paintings and sculptures, are underlined or italicized:. Note that a photograph—although not any less significant or important—is often much smaller than a work of created art, and is placed in quotation marks. Following are guidelines for punctuating titles according to MLA standards. Share Flipboard Email.
Formatting Titles: Italics, Underline, Quotation Marks – Oh My! : : Everything English
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Use them with care, however; overuse of italics and quotation marks is often seen as affected and patronizing. Do italicize them otherwise, whether real or fictional. Italics are used in certain disciplines for various specific purposes. Here are two of the commoner ones. Note that a genus name always has a capital letter, while a species name never does. In the law, the names of legal cases are italicized.
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Example:The famous case of Brown vs. Board of Education was a landmark in American legal history. Special note: If you have a sentence containing a phrase which would normally go into italics, and if for some reason the entire sentence needs to be italicized, the the phrase that would normally be in italics goes into ordinary roman type instead.
So, if for some reason my last example sentence needs to be italicized, the result looks like this: The famous case of B rown v. Direct quotations. Use a set of quotation marks to enclose each direct quotation included in your writing. Use a capital letter with the first word of a direct quotation of a whole sentence. Do not use a capital letter with the first word of a direct quotation of part of a sentence. If the quotation is interrupted and then continues in your sentence, do not capitalize the second part of the quotation. Do not use quotation marks for indirect quotations.
Example: According to their statement to the local papers, the Allens refuse to use pesticide because of potential water pollution. When in doubt, check copyright law. Quotation within a quotation. Use single quotation marks for a quotation enclosed inside another quotation. For example:. Omitted words in a quotation. If you leave words out of a quotation, use an ellipsis mark to indicate the omitted words. If you need to insert something within a quotation, use a pair of brackets to enclose the addition. Use quotation marks for the titles of minor works short poems, short stories, etc.
Use quotation marks for:. Titles of short or minor works , such as songs, short stories, essays, short poems, one-act plays, and other literary works that are shorter than a three-act play or a complete book. Titles of parts of larger works , such as chapters in books; articles in newspapers, magazines, journals, or other periodical publications; and episodes of television and radio series. But: Use italics for titles of major works or of works that contain smaller segments such as books; plays of three or more acts; newspapers, magazines, journals, or other periodical publications; films; and television and radio series.
See italics above. Use quotation marks to indicate words used ironically, with reservations, or in some unusual way. For words used as words themselves or for technical or unfamiliar terms used for the first time and defined , use italics.
Formatting Titles: Italics, Underline, Quotation Marks – Oh My!
Punctuation with Quotation Marks. Use a comma to introduce a quotation after a standard dialogue tag, a brief introductory phrase, or a dependent clause. While members of European cultures meet and shake hands as a gesture of greeting, members of Asian cultures bow to indicate respect. Put commas and periods within closing quotation marks, except when a parenthetical reference follows the quotation.
Note: When parenthetical information falls within the closing punctuation, the information is shown to pertain only to that sentence. He also noted that such policy was foolish in the extreme. Put colons and semicolons outside closing quotation marks. Put a dash, question mark, or exclamation point within closing quotation marks when the punctuation applies to the quotation itself and outside when it applies to the whole sentence.
Does Dr. We won! Unnecessary Quotation Marks. Do not put quotation marks around the titles of your essays. Do not use quotation marks for common nicknames, bits of humor, technical terms that readers are likely to know, and trite or well-known expressions. Unless your professor or publisher insists, use underscoring only for creating live links. Underlining was used back in the time of typewriters because they only had one basic font face to work with. Publishers with multiple fonts at their disposal always had and employed italics and boldface where appropriate.
Which Is Which?: Italics or Quotation Marks?
Now that almost all of you are working digitally, you can use those multiple font faces and sizes as appropriate. American Psychological Association. Washington, DC, Associated Press. The Chicago Manual of Style.
University of Chicago Press, Oxford University Press, Purdue University.